For reviewers

What is peer review and why is it important?

Peer review is the independent (of the Editorial Board) assessment by experts in the field of the validity, quality, significance and originality of an article before it is accepted for publication. Peer reviewers have expertise and specialist knowledge (through their professional practice or research) in the same field as the article they have been invited to review. Multiple reviewer reports are used by the Editorial Board to decide whether an article should be accepted for publication.

Peer review is valued by journals because the constructive criticism and recommendation of each peer reviewer assists the editor in deciding whether the article should be accepted for publication. Authors value peer review because it improves the quality of their articles.

Peer review for Children Australia

Before you accept an invitation to review, please check whether:

If you have accepted an invitation to peer review an article for Children Australia, please be assured that we will:

If you require assistance during the review process, please contact the journal at

Reviewer recognition

Children Australia does not pay for reviews.

Any reviewer who completes a review for Children Australia can, at any time, download a reviewer certificate that includes a record of all reviews completed for the journal. This can be lodged with the Web of Science in a Researcher profile or by emailing to

Children Australia also publishes an annual acknowledgement of journal reviewers. If you would not like to be included, please let us know at


We ask that you treat the article content as confidential. Please do not ask someone else to complete the review on your behalf without first consulting with the journal. Reviewers should not upload the manuscript to software or other AI technologies where confidentiality cannot be assured. Reviewers should disclose to the journal if and how AI technology is being used to facilitate their review. Reviewers should be aware that AI can generate authoritative-sounding output that can be incorrect, incomplete or biased.

Even if an article is accepted, please do not make use of any of the work in the article until after publication.

Please be alert to potential ethical issues in the manuscript under review, such as unsafe or inappropriate treatment of any people involved (including study participants, co-authors and non-author contributors of expertise – technical skills or specialist knowledge) or suspected plagiarism or duplicate publication. The Children Australia publishing policies (including ethics) are outlined on our publication policies page.

Articles with an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander context or focus are reviewed by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander reviewers in accordance with our ethics policies.

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) provides ethical guidelines for peer review.

How do we find peer reviewers?

Our expert Editorial Board invites potential peer reviewers based on their knowledge of people who have expertise and specialist knowledge (through their professional practice or research) in the same field as the article. We also use scholarly databases to identify people with specialist knowledge relevant to the article.

Why should you review?

How to become a peer reviewer?

If you are interested in joining Children Australia's reviewer list, please contact us at with a cover letter and CV.

How to complete your review

For Children Australia, we ask reviewers to register with the journal and complete their review using the online form. If you would rather not register, we can provide a reviewer PDF and review form for filling and returning to us by email.

Once you have agreed to review, you will be able to access and download the reviewer PDF by logging in to the Children Australia website and clicking on the article title under 'My reviews'. You will also find the online review form there.

The online review form prompts you to:

Tips for using the online review form

What should you comment on?

Please provide constructive feedback, general and specific, about the article that makes clear your justification for your recommendation to the editor. Please note that all accepted articles will be copy edited before publication, so spelling and grammar are not a high priority during review.

It might be helpful to refer to the requirements for the article type you have been asked to review. You can also refer to the journal's publication policies and ethics.

Some questions you might seek to answer about the article include: